Sugar scrubs, glycolic acid, peels, masks, there's all kinds of products out there that claim to address hyperpigmentation. But what is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a very common (typically harmless) condition that causes patches of skin to become darker than the surrounding normal skin. This will occur when there's an increased amount of melanin forms in the skin. Hyperpigmentation is most common in people who have darker skin tones, who also spends a lot of time in the sun because UV rays stimulate melanocytes which produce pigment or melanin.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
|Epidermal is light brown spots, not as dense as dermal.|
|Dermal is deep brown spots, some may appear slightly grey, dense and solid.|
|Mixture is a mix of epidermal and dermal, which appear as dark spots.|
There are tons of ways to treat hyperpigmentation. While there are specific ingredients that we can focus on, I first want to highlight the basics:
1. Have a skincare regimen. Each regimen needs a gentle, effective cleanser, exfoliator, toner and moisturizer. You'll always want a mask that clears your pores or moisturizes your skin depending on your skin type (normal to oily, or normal to dry.)
2. Wear sunscreen after your moisturizer. As previously explained, sun exposure increases hyperpigmentation and/or melanin production.
3. Exfoliate 2 - 3x per week, depending on your skin type. It can be a chemical acid like glycolic acid, sugar scrub, cleansing brush or clay based (applying clays to your skin is a gentle exfoliator and a great DIY mask.)
Below are all of the products that GLORI recommends to treat hyperpigmentation: